Grow, Garden, Grow!

hardening plants

It has been 2 1/2 weeks since our first garden plants went into their new home in our garden, and sadly, many of them have perished since these photos were taken.  The seedlings my boys and I lovingly planted and watered and hardened off went into the ground the second week of May.

The next three days it rained, the wind blew, hail fell, and the plants, unprotected by various garden coverings with which it would have been wise to cover them, croaked.

Apparently my tough love approach to gardening wherein the hardiest plants should have weathered the elements and lived on stronger to produce lots of wonderful vegetables and fruit for my family… is just not a wise approach.

On days 4 through 11 I watched the weather-beaten plants for signs of life as it continued to rain with very little sun, hitting the 40’s at night.

On day 12 I bought new plants from the local farmers market, abandoning my “introduce a few new varieties at a time and see how they do” approach, and coming home with tomatillo, red and yellow bell peppers, an indeterminate tomato hybrid, a roma tomato, zucchini seeds, and cilantro seeds.

So far, these plants, well irrigated and planted further along in the season, are doing fine.  As we roll into Memorial Day weekend, I have moved on to plant bed perennials elsewhere in our yard, and am (mostly) confident that something we have planted will grow and thrive.  I take a few lessons learned already into next growing season:

  1. Don’t start seedlings again without letting them grow thicker and hardier first, which means either building a greenhouse or rigging some sort of UV lighting stuff in the basement, plus bigger pots, and who knows what else.  I may not start seeds again soon.
  2. Wait until maybe Memorial Day to plant anything out there.
  3. Follow local tomato planting guidelines, including walls-0′-water and planting horizontally so only leaves are exposed.

Here are some photos, some of commemorative nature..

First, our strawberry plants, which my youngest has claimed as his own, and which are already producing fruit, having weathered the elements with style, and which we are pleased to learn will come back next season.

strawberries

Cilantro, looking rather peaked.  New seeds were sown right next to these now dead plants.  They are supposed to be hardy early season growers here.  Not these ones, though.

cilantro

This is a raspberry bush from a national hardware store.  Having seen what is at the farmers’ market labeled raspberries, I’m sorry we even planted these sticks, and am watching them without much hope for success.  I saved my receipt.

raspberry bush

The northwest corner of the garden, filled with jalapenos and zucchini, right before watering them in.  Too bad none of them made it.

nw corner

Poor little guys, and they looked so healthy, too.

zucchini

These are purchased tomato plants, and some of them are mysteriously bearing yellow leaves now, which google says means lack of nitrogen or not enough sun or water.   We’ve had very little sun, lots of rain, and they went into compost-rich soil.  Watching and waiting on that one.  Not sure, but they are hanging in there and I see little tomatoes on one..

tomatoes

Poor little gone jalapeno.

jalapeno

..and roma tomato.  Were I to do it again, this would have gone in horizontally without so much stem exposed to whip around in the wind.  They still got quite a bit of the crazy wind despite the completely walled garden.

roma

Through the garden gate, with irrigation system and graduated fenceline.  Left side is windward.

garden gate

Be sure to check out the Homeschool Village Garden Challenge linkup for lots of gardening progress with curriculum to match.

And please, by all means, if you know what is causing my tomato plants to turn yellow- leave a comment and let me know!

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A Tree Sword Drill

Are you familiar with Sword Drills?  These are a fun way to learn the Bible, usually referencing a particular topic, in this case, trees!

Students rapidly look up verses, and it can be done as a contest (with instructions here) or not.

Here are some verses pertinent to our tree study.  Enjoy!

Gen. 2:9

Gen. 3:22

Gen. 6:14

Gen. 8:11

Gen. 18:1

Ex. 3:2 (not really tree)

Ex. 4:2-3

Ex. 7:9

Ex. 25:13

Ex. 35:31

1 Sam 14:2

2 Sam. 18:9

1Kings 5:8-10

1 Kings 10:12

Psalm 1

Matthew 7:16-20

Matt. 13:31-32

Matt 21:18-22

Rev 22:2

 

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A Walk in the Forest

Trees

Go outside , look around you, and notice the trees.  Trees form the backdrop of our environment.  Just what are trees and what do they do?  It is interesting to study trees because they are so different from the rest of creation.  From the majestic redwood to the resilient bristle cone pine, trees add utility and beauty to our lives.

Make trees a year long study and make a notebook or lapbook that shows what you learned!

A tree is..

A woody, perennial plant with one main stem or trunk which develops many branches.  Most trees are over ten feet tall.   – Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary

When you walk through the forest take your camera, a plant press, a marker pen, a small bag for samples of bark, a tape measure, your notebook, a tree identification guide, and lunch.  Put everything in a backpack for comfort.  If you are in a park and cannot walk far, you can carry everything in a picnic basket and still do your tree study.  Wear sturdy shoes and comfortable clothing.

Before you leave home, look up the definition of a tree and record it in your notebook.  As you walk, you may need to recognize the difference between trees and large shrubs so look up shrub, too.

As you walk up to the forest…

Take a photo of it as a whole.  This will show you later what the habitat was and the general layout of the forest.  A photo will be a record of the environment so that you can compare this season’s forest with that of later seasons.  Is there undergrowth or is it grassy?  Are there low shrubs around for small animal homes?  Are the trees in leaf?  Is there snow or water on the ground?   If you use a photograph, you can record most of the data at home after your walk.

Use this Tree Page download to record your data.

In the forest…

Choose a tree.  An adult tree is best.  Record its circumference, the types of bark, leaf shape, and branch pattern.  Does it have any fruit or nuts?  Stand back and observe its shape.  Record your data in your notebook.

Measure the height of the tree.

You can do this in the same way that you measure the height of a building or the height of a model rocket in flight.

  1. Measure with the tape measure ten of your paces and figure out how far 100 feet actually is in your own paces.  You will walk that number of paces out from the tree.
  2. Start at the bottom of the tree and walk outward in a straight line counting your paces for about 100 feet.  Mark the spot.
  3. Use a protractor to measure the angle from the ground to the top of the tree.  A clinometer is helpful, but not required.  It provides a way to sight the tree along the straight edge of the protractor and easily read the angle with a weighted string. Here is a video on how to make a simple one.
  4. Use the chart on the Tree Page download to convert the measured angle into the height of the tree. Record.

An alternative, easier method:

  1. Fold a square piece of paper into a triangle, making one 90° angle and two 45° angles.
  2. Walk outward from the tree in a straight line until the top of the tree can be sighted along the 45° fold.  At this point the number of feet you walked is equal to the height of the tree in feet.
  3. Count your paces and divide by the number of feet per pace in order to determine the feet you have paced outward from the tree.  This is also the height of the tree.

If you are allowed, take samples of the leaves of each of the trees you studied.  If you cannot remove samples from your location, draw or take pictures of the leaves for your notebook.  Be sure to record each leaf’s source tree.  You can also take samples of very small pieces of bark choosing fallen pieces of bark about 2 inches square.  Use a marker to record the type of tree bark on the back of the sample.

Girdling a tree is removing the bark in a circle all around the tree.  This will kill the tree.  Taking any bark from a living tree is dangerous to the tree.  Please take bark samples only from dead trees.

Tree Rings

When a tree grows, the plant constructs a sturdy kind of tissue called wood.  Wood and leaves make up the living part of the tree.  As the tree grows, it makes more wood and the tree gets thicker.

tree ringsWood is designed by God to be strong, resilient, and lasting.  That is why we can make our houses out of wood.  The tree must be able to withstand wind, cold, heat, and even floods.  Noah built his ark out of wood because God told him to do so.  God knew that a boat made of wood would float even in the terrible flood which was coming.

When trees grow, wood is added to the trunk in rings.  Dark rings are made when the winter slows down the tree’s growth.  Lighter, thicker rings are made in the summer when there is plenty of water, light, and warmth for growing.

Lunch break…

Choose a rock on which to sit for your lunch.  As you eat, enjoy the beauty and majesty of the trees around you.  Not all places have trees.  There is a forest in west Texas which boasts one tree with no others for miles.  Notice the shape of the branch pattern.  There is a specific pattern for each kind of tree.  Some branch styles have been used by architects as patterns for churches.  In a winter forest in Arkansas the branches form a beautiful cathredral designed by the hand of God.

As you sit, sketch the branch patterns of several trees.  This is easier in winter, but not impossible in other seasons.

When you return home…

  • Look up the type of trees you studied.  Do they have uses to people?   Some possible uses are: fruit, nuts, wood for paper and lumber, landscaping. climbing, swinging from, homes for animals like squirrels, holding up basketball hoops and bird houses, and so on.
  • Organize your notebook according to tree types, for example: oaks, maples, pines, etc.
  • Label a page according to tree type and write the information you gathered about that tree on the page.
  • Preserve your leaf samples by gluing each onto a sheet of paper.  Label by name of tree, location of collection, and date of collection.
  • Attach any photos you have on the pages containing information on that tree.
  • Place the overall environment photos in the front of your notebook.  If you have seasonal photos, include them in order.  Don’t forget to label your photos.
  • Decorate the notebook according to the tree theme.

Do you have any wonderful resources for a tree study?  Leave a comment and let us know!

 

 

 

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